Article, Historical

Series of articles: D. Sukhbaatar, Modern Southern Mongolia.

After the Cultural Revolution, at the 3rd Congress of the Chinese Communist Party held in November 1978, Deng Xiaoping, the visionary and intelligent leader of China, decided to build socialism with Chinese characteristics and carry out economic reforms, develop a market economy, and develop a special economic zones. The goal was to overcome poverty, and develop technology and science. Before that, Deng Xiaoping had visited Japan and Hong Kong to see their success with his own eyes and fully understood that it was time to reorganize China. Soon, the entire country moved to the market, construction began, special economic zones were established, the private sector was supported, and foreign investment began to pour in.

As China developed, so did Southern Mongolia. Currently, the population of Southern Mongolia is 25 million people / 20.0 million are Chinese, 5.0 million are Mongols, 1.0 million Mongols live in other parts of China/, and the area is 1,183,000 square kilometers.

Southern Mongolia has 3 provinces: Alshaa, Shilin Gol, and Khyangan, 9 urban districts, 17 districts, 11 rural towns, 49 khoshuus, and 3 autonomous counties. 3.0 million people live in Hohhot, 2.6 million people in Bugat city, and 2.5 million people in Hailar city, which are the largest cities of Southern Mongolia.

Currently, the gross domestic product (GDP) in Southern Mongolia has exceeded 252 billion US dollars, and the per capita GDP has exceeded 10,000 US dollars. Metallurgy, oil, coal, mining, electronic equipment and machinery industries have developed in Southern Mongolia. Infrastructure, railways, airways and highways are developed. A high-speed railway with a speed of 300 km per hour has been laid in Hohhot, a Metro has been established in Hohhot, and an 800 km highway has been laid from Hohhot to the Chinese sea port.

Southern Mongolia has 35 universities, 236 technical vocational schools, 1500 secondary schools, 5860 kindergartens, 153 cultural centers, 1118 cinemas, concert halls, 31 museums, 109 libraries, 13 radio stations, and 14 television stations. Now in Southern Mongolia, the Mongolian nation's customs, culture, religion, music, harmonies, and folk art are being revived and the economy is growing stronger. Southern Mongolians have been able to preserve their original Mongolian language and the national Mongolian vertical alphabet, so Mongolian culture is rapidly developing. The Mausoleum of Chinggis Khaan was built in Ordos, making it a popular destination for tourists. Folk art of Southern Mongolia is developing, and many music groups are competing for their talents. The Chinese series "Chinggis Khaan" infatuated the world. In Mongolia, the Reds shot and killed all the nobles of the golden linage. It is possible that the descendants of our golden linage are left in Southern Mongolia with the so-called "fragments of the golden linage and pieces of the flesh". Because of this, it is necessary to determine the history of the Mongolian people of golden linage and Taij nobility.

Nowadays, rural areas and villages of Southern Mongolia are developing more and more, the lives of herders are improving, comfortable buildings, houses, streets, roads, bridges, hospitals and schools are being established in rural areas, and the difference between urban and rural areas is disappearing. Southern Mongolia has been developing very fast in the last ten years. The cities of Southern Mongolia have been connected with high-speed train lines, and the big cities have been connected by flights. The poverty alleviation program was implemented throughout the country, and poor herdsmen moved into comfortable houses with their own herds, property, electricity generators, and connections. Relations between Mongolia and Southern Mongolia have entered a new stage and cooperation is expanding.

China is now the second largest economy in the world, and its economy is developing at the speed of light. As of 2015, China's gross domestic product has reached 18.9 trillion US dollars, and its economy has grown by 15.0 percent annually since the 1980s and 8.0 percent annually since the 1990s. China has lifted 700 million people out of poverty in the last 40 years. Really wonderful. The Chinese government helps one poor citizen get out of poverty by providing an interest-free loan of 55,000 yuan. China harvests 546 million tons of grain per year. The length of China's railways has reached 103,100 km, and the length of roads has reached 4.1 million km. It now has 182 airports. The high-speed railway reaches 11,000 km, and the high-speed train travels at a speed of 380 km/h. China is mastering space by launching satellites, sending humans into space, and landing stations on the other side of the moon. China has been able to develop its remote provincial cities by accelerating regional development.

China is implementing the "Belt  and Road" policy and connecting the world through the Silk Road. China's rapid development is surprising the world. The relationship between Mongolia and China is expanding year by year, reaching the level of a comprehensive partnership. I first visited Beijing in 2000, Shanghai in 2003, and Hong Kong and Macau in 2014. China's Shanghai, Hong Kong and Macau are modern super cities and beautiful fairy tale cities. In the last three decades, the Chinese people have made remarkable achievements, achieved great economic success, and become a world power. As I am a Buddhist, in 2008 I traveled by train in the direction of "Beijing - Lanzhou - Xining" and went to Kumbum in Tibet to make a pilgrimage. I wrote notes about all these trips and put them in my book.

Publicist: Sukhbaatar Dorj, awyer, journalist, publicist, historian and theologian 

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