Article, Buryatia, News

World Mongols: Tseveen Jamsranov, Buryat intellectual

Tseveen Jamsran (Tseveen Jamsranov), one of the great representatives of Buryat intellectuals, who supported the independence of Mongolia and worked hard to build the new Mongolia on its feet and make it a country:

After the Mongols regained their independence, he came to Bogd Khanate Mongolia and worked as a cultural administrator of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and as a teacher at a school attached to the ministry. Mongolian students were introduced to the culture and some of them who studied well were sent to study in the cities of Erkhuu and Troitskosavsk.

He worked as a translator for the 1912 Russia-Mongolia Treaty, 1913-1914 Prime Minister Sain Noyon Khan Namnansuren's visit to Russia, and the 1915 Treaty of Kyakhta.

Mongolia's first periodical newspaper "A letter called New Dictionary\Shine toli khemeekh bichig" was published in 1913, and "City newspaper\Niislel Khureenii sonin bichig" newspaper was published in 1915, and founded the field of Mongolian journalism.

He is a prominent figure of the state and society of Mongolia who is participated in the National Democratic Revolution of 1921 in Mongolia and was appointed as the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of the Interior of the People's Government and who worked hard to restore the state organization, form of governance, foreign policy, and the country's economy.

In 1921, he founded the Institute of Scripture, worked as its academic secretary, and made a significant contribution to the expansion of the institute's foreign relations.

He was one of the founders of the Mongolian National Library in 1921 and a great writer.

Gun O. Jamyan, *writer Ch. Bat-Ochir, D. Dashnyam, and scholar J. Tseveen created the first library with their own 2,000 books at the Institute of Scripture (current Mongolian Academy of Sciences).

(Note: *These two people called "writer" are scholars, and translators of foreign languages)

A brief biography
Tseveen Jamsran, a well-known Mongolian social, political, and scientific figure of the early 20th century, enlightener, and great scientist, was born on April 26, 1881 in the Agy aimag of Buryatia as the son of Jamsran Zaisan of the Sharaid tribe.

From a young age, he was taught the Mongolian traditional script by his father Jamsran, and from 1892 he studied at a three-year school in Chita, from 1897 at the gymnasium established by P. Badmaev for Buryat boys in St. Petersburg, and from 1898 to 1901 at Erkhuu Teacher's School. From 1902, he was a teacher at School of Agy, and from 1903 to 1911, he traveled to Mongolia, Southern Mongolia, and Inner Baikal to collect oral traditions of many Mongolian ethnic groups and ethnographic materials from the Russian Department for the Study of Middle and East Asia at the Russian Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III.

In 1932-1937, he worked at the Institute of Oriental studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences and was elected a correspondent member of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union.

On August 11, 1937, he was arrested on false charges and died on May 4, 1942.

In 1962, the great scientist was exonerated and restored to his dignity by the Exoneration Commission under the leaders of the People's Great Khural of the Mongolian People's Republic.

Source of information: Mongolian National Library

Note: When Mongolia regained its national freedom and independence in 1911, the nobles of Southern Mongolia, who had good information about what was happening in the south, played a huge role. From going to Russia to ask for help, accompanying them to communicate with the Russians, acting as interpreters and mediators, many Buryat intellectuals, mobilized the knowledge they had learned in Tsarist Russia and played a huge role in building the new Mongolia.

Mongolia is the country of all World Mongols, built by the cooperation of the Mongol nations.

Source: Dayar Mongol page


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